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Routes in Cathedral Range Enchainments

Cathedral Range Traverse T Easy 5th 1+ 3 I 5 M 1c
Tenaya, Matthes, Cathedral Traverse T 5.7 5a 15 V+ 13 MVS 4b
Type: Trad, Alpine
FA: unknown
Page Views: 4,128 total, 78/month
Shared By: kenr on Aug 19, 2013
Admins: M. Morley, Adam Stackhouse, Salamanizer suchoski, Justin Johnsen, Vicki Schwantes

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Closures for Peregrine Falcon Protection Details


This route makes a circular path along the ridge and across the peaks overlooking Budd Lake, on the south side of Tuolumne Meadows in Yosemite National Park --> see on map
Just hiking (or running) on that ridge for so long with wonderful views in both directions would be great. Even more, it includes some great narrow / arete sections, also some fun climbing peaks which might be too short to justify as an outing individually -- and optionally access to some famous routes (for those who have the speed + endurance + skill to include them).
  • total Distance = 9.3 Miles / 15 km
  • total Vertical gain = +4800 ft / +1460m

Actually this route does not include anything like the whole geographical Cathedral Range as shown on maps -- just the northwestern section, which is most accessible to trailheads on highway rt 120, and has lots of fun and spectacular climbing.

Peaks along the way are:
  • Unicorn
  • . . (Althuski)
  • Cockscomb
  • . . (optional side trip to Matthes Crest)
  • Echo Ridge
  • Echo Peaks
  • Cathedral Peak
  • . . (optional side trip to Eichorn Pinnacle)

Best climbing - sections with the best climbing are:
  • NNW face of Unicorn [low class 5] - also traverse sections of narrow S ridge.
. . . offers amazing narrow ridge structures (5.8 or 5.7)
  • knife-edge East arete of Echo Ridge [class 4, perhaps one move 5]
  • knife-edge aretes between Echo Peaks 1+2+3 [class 3]
  • Cathedral Peak summit block [low class 5] is great, and the top section of the NW face is an interesting way to get there - (but substituting the ascent of the famous SE Buttress route
. . . [5.6] offers much more climbing and more interesting).

All latitude/longitude points given below, also other helpful waypoints and tracks, are in a GPX file linked from this page

Most of the individual peaks were climbed by the 1930s. People were doing the Traverse at least by the 1980s. John Moynier + Claude Fiddler described it (with much less detail than here) in 1993 in Sierra Classics: 100 Best Climbs in the High Sierra, and again in the second edition, Climbing California's High Sierra ( 2002). Peter Croft described the Cathedral Range traverse (in the opposite direction) in his high Sierra guidebook, The Good, the Great, and the Awesome ( 2002).

Start and finish at the Cathedral Lakes trailhead on route 120 is the simple short way.
For a shorter traverse (or to allow more time for optional Matthes Crest section or Cathedral SE Buttress climb) could ...
  • omit the Unicorn, first go to the Cockscomb - Echo col and start by climbing Cockscomb; or
  • omit the Echo Peaks, go directly from Echo Ridge to Wilts Col to Cathedral.
  • omit Cathedral Peak, just hike down out from Budd Lake.

For a more difficult traverse:
. . . [5.6] for the normal route around the E side to the NW face.
. . . and traverse it partway (or fully?) toward its N end, then join CRT at Echo Ridge.
  • start by climbing Tenaya Peak NW buttress, then (? after optional visit to Tressider Peak ?) go to Matthes Crest and traverse that from South to North, then join CRT at Echo Ridge. See Tenaya Matthes Cathedral Traverse

Trailhead is at Cathedral Lakes trail (shuttle bus stop) on Tioga Pass highway rt 120 in Tuolumne Meadows. (GPS latitude/longitude approximately N37.8729 W119.3829) (altitude approx 8580ft / 2615meters). About 8.7Miles / 14km west on route 120 from Yosemite National Park east entrance at Tioga Pass.

The plan is first get to Budd Lake, then to the base of the Unicorn climb ...

(1) Start on the Cathedral Lakes trail and go SW about 0.35Mile / 550meter distance, uphill vertical +260ft / +80m) to point (GPS lat/long ~ N37.8693 W119.3867) (altitude ~ 8840ft/2695m)

(2) There turn Left off the main trail (no sign or marking) onto a well-beaten path about two feet wide which starts gentle down, then flat + up a little, then steeper down (then a longer up).
Normally this turn is blocked by one of more logs. It comes about 200ft/70m after the main trail trail curved S up steepish - just after the main trail had curved W up steepish for about 200ft/70m - (and just before the main trail curves W up steepish yet again). Note: The southern endpoint of this second trail is Cathedral Peak, not Budd Lake.

Go roughly S about 0.6Mi / 1000m close to Budd Creek with some ups and downs. Next the trail goes onto a long + wide rock slab area, and at the same time slowly curves to the right - SSW - away from Budd Creek. It's true that one branch of Budd Creek runs down from Budd Lake, but if you try to stay close to this creek, you'll soon be off the trail bushwacking (which is doable and perhaps fun, but more work and time) - and if you follow the obvious east branch, you won't even go to Budd Lake. It's easy to miss the trail here on the slab. The key is to recognize is that the trail often runs between two parallel lines of rocks, with the individual rocks spaced about 3-6ft / 1-2m apart -- and be on the lookout for when those lines curve Right. The slab ends after about 0.25Mi/400m. About another 0.1Mi / 120m there is a move up R on rock, and continue on the dirt trail for another 0.3Mi / 500m to key turn-off point (lat/long ~ N37.8527 W119.3936) (altitude 9540ft / 2910m). This is about 1.0Mi / 1600m from leaving the main Cathedral Lakes trail (with overall gentle uphill of +700ft / +215m).

This turn-off point comes after the Cathedral Peak trail comes in sight of a little creek below its L side, and hooks R around the end of a big fallen tree, then goes gentle down curving L, then roughly flat a short ways aiming straight at a tree. There it's easy to see the Budd Lake trail going off to the L - (At that point the Cathedral Peak trail turns half-R and goes uphill away from the creek.)

(3) Here turn L (SE) off the Cathedral Peak trail (no sign or marking) and cross a small creek on broken logs. This turn is easy to miss. It is often blocked by one or more logs along the side of the Cathedral Peak trail.

This little creek is the west branch of Budd Creek, and the unofficial trail to Budd Lake basically follows this creek. So immediately after crossing the creek, turn R (SW) and start hiking on this (narrower) trail to go generally SSW about 0.7Mi / 1100m (with overall gentle uphill of +460ft / +140m) to the outlet of Budd Lake
(lat/long ~ N37.8431 W119.3973) (alt 10000ft/3050m).

(4) Next objective is to get to the base of the N-NW face of Unicorn Peak.
Go SE (on the E side of Budd Lake) about 0.35Mi / 600m, aiming for a col/saddle above a rock slab slope. The slab is steep-ish, likely requires some wide zig-zags to get up - (wouldn't want to have to come down this when wet).

From the col (10290ft / 3135m), see Unicorn peak to the East across a wide bowl. Go down a little SE, then contour around the bowl, E about 0.3Mi / 500m E, then N about 0.35Mi / 600m to reach a flat/gentle area under the W face of Unicorn Peak.
(lat/long ~ N37.8452 W119.3841) (alt 10270ft/3130m).

Total distance from trailhead about 3.1Mi / 5km, with a total vertical gain about +1840ft / +560m (including some ups + downs).

traverse . . .

Unicorn high point is the North summit (lat/long ~ N37.8457 W119.3821) (alt ~ 10830ft/3300m). From the E side of the Unicorn, hike upward diagonally around to reach the bottom of the rock of the NNW face. Then climb the rock up to the notch between the north peak and middle peak of the Unicorn -- or aiming for some point between the north summit and the notch. Interesting climbing, and it might be possible to find a way to do this all at the grade of class 4, but it's sustained and not short, so it would not be surprising if some class 5 moves will be encountered.

. . (Alternate way to this notch: Climb the slabs of the W face of the ridge S from the Unicorn toward the talus heap ("Althuski"), then go N along the broad ridge.)

Getting from the notch to the N summit is traditionally graded class 4, but one usual way includes an exposed overhanging move (positive holds) - which many people might grade as class 5.
. . (The notch can be reached more easily from the E side from the Lake Elizabeth trailhead, but that requires a car/bus shuttle, and misses out on some interesting climbing.)

Come back down off the N summit the same way. Could also tag some of the other (easier) summits. Or there are some interesting moves along the narrow ridge going south from some of the other Unicorn summits. More interesting if stay more directly on the arete where possible. More exposure to play with if make some moves on the W side.

Next go easy 0.3Mi / 500m S on the broad ridge to the next high spot, sometimes called "Althuski" (lat/long ~ N37.8411 W119.3800) (alt ~ 10875ft/3315m). It's a heap of big granite rocks -- fun if you like descending from its top by hopping from rock to rock. Otherwise can be bypassed on its W side.

Cockscomb (lat/long ~ N37.8356 W119.3847) (alt ~ 11060ft/3370m) is about 0.4Mi / 620m SW from the rock heap, but it's more complicated to get there. The easy way to climb the Cockscomb is on its W face -- which is most easily reached by going around its S side ... Perhaps leave the Cockscomb NE ridge fairly early, then horizontal across dirt until fully around the base of the SW end of the peak. - (? a more aesthetic way might be to stay closer to the NE ridge and aim for the notch between the N and S halves of the Cockscomb ? see this photo
. . Other folks report going around the N side of the Cockscomb, or climbing it by its NW face -- or even traversing the peak by its E face and W face (some did not like rock quality on W face).

Descend W to the Cockscomb-Echo col (alt ~ 10660ft/3250m).
. . (If need to retreat from here in wet weather, note that between this pass and Budd Lake are two large steep-ish rock slabs to be descended (slippery?). So consider instead first going down SW then around the S and W sides of the Echo Peaks.)

Matthes Crest is optional, but the rock structures on the arete are so interesting (especially the section north from the North summit) that it's tempting to visit it somehow. Several options for embracing or avoiding different sections of the Matthes ridge. See North ridge
description and Comments - also this discussion
- also Comments on the Traverse South Ridge page

Echo Ridge - W summit is higher (lat/long ~ N37.8348 W119.3959) (alt ~ 11150ft/3400m) than E summit - (also higher than Cathedral Peak). The upper section of the East arete has wonderful knife-edge sections. Many people grade it as class 4, but might be a low class 5 down-climb move off the E summit.
. . (For maximum fun climbing, try to spend as much time as possible directly on the top of the ridge - "balls over the razor" - or make moves across from one side to the other - or look for chances to climb on the steeper side.)
We saw a report that it might be possible to start by climbing somewhere on the N face of the E ridge.

After the high point of Echo Ridge can find some additional narrow arete moves on the West arete a bit lower.

Gentle down to Wilts Col (lat/long ~ N37.8343 W119.4007) (alt ~ 10760ft/3280m) - between Echo Peak 8 at the N end of the east group of Echo Peaks, and Echo Peak 7 at the NE end of the middle group of Echo Peaks.
. . (If need to exit now from this Traverse, it's maximum class 2 from Wilks Col down to Budd Lake and out the trail to the highway 120.)

Echo Peaks are numbered 1 to 9, in three groups:
(1) Echo Peaks 1 to 4 form a N-S line on the West, and the arete across peaks 1 to 4 is overall narrow and in some sections knife-edge;
(2) peaks 5 to 7 are the Middle group;
(3) peaks 8 + 9 are the line on the East - (Peak 9 is the most difficult summit to reach).
. . For more on climbing Echo Peaks + Ridge, see R.J.Secor guidebook, The High Sierra (Mountaineers 2009)

Tallest of all the "Echos" is Peak 3 (lat/long ~ N37.8327 W119.4034) (alt ~ 11100ft/3385m) - so the easy fun accomplishment is to get to the summit of high peak 3, and also traverse the narrow arete line between peaks 1 + 2 + 3. The obvious easy way on or off that line is the E side of the col between 1 + 2. From Wilts Col the easy way to get there is to traverse low around the N side of peak 7 and peak 5.

Next a short way to Cathedral Peak is by down-climbing the W side of the col between peak 3 and peak 2. The top section is fun scrambling, but lower down the rock gets loose and with dirt. An obvious way (with less loose rock) is to return to Wilts Col and go N down (on dirt) from there. Another possible short way (not checked by us) is to return to the col between Echo 1 and Echo 5, and go directly N down from there.
. . (If need to exit now from this Traverse, it's non-difficult cross-country travel from Wilts Col to Budd Lake, or from W side of peaks 1-2-3 to hit the trail N below Budd Lake.)

Next hike/run cross-country N about 1 mile / 1700m to the southeast base of the summit cliffs of Cathedral Peak. Likely it's easier to aim a bit east of the cliffs, to hit the normal trail (improved with stone steps) to Cathedral Peak, and finish on that.

Cathedral Peak (lat/long ~ N37.8478 W119.4055) (alt 10912ft/3326m) has a great summit block with a great view, no matter how you get there. A very attractive option is to climb the much more difficult SE Buttress route [5.6] to the summit of Cathedral Peak - (the usual start for that route is 100-125ft / 30-40m W along the base of the cliff from where the hiking trail meets the cliff.)

The normal route to the summit goes up the trail around E side of the summit cliffs. This trail now has stone steps. It stays pretty close to the base of the cliffs along the E side, at first N, then curves NW. After about 0.15Mi / 230m distance with vertical gain of +390ft / +120m it reaches a barrier. For a nice view / snack spot without the difficult + exposed summit climbing, here turn R and go N thru a narrow slot in the rock to a flat spot. To continue to the summit, scramble up about 25ft diagonal Left, then horizontal Left (W) around the N corner of the summit cliffs, past some bushes to wide ledge on the NE side of the NW face.
. (For a more interesting adventure, do not read the following instructions, instead figure it out for yourself, like John Muir when he was here first in 1869) ...
details: Next climb the NW face, likely with some zigzags (many people find it easiest to go all the way over to the SW side), finishing (50-80ft higher) at the NE side of the face. Next diagonal up Right to a notch, and cross the notch to the S face. Traverse horizontally SE about 10ft to the bottom of twin cracks. Climb up those about 12ft to the SW side of the summit block, then to the flat top for a great view.

From the summit of Cathedral Peak, return the same way ... down the twin cracks, across to and down the NW face, around the N corner, and down the E side to the southeast base of cliff. Next down the unofficial Cathedral Peak trail, first steep-ish SE, soon curves NE gentler, later NNE (careful not to lose the trail while on the wide long slab) to meet the official Cathedral Lakes trail. Finally NE down on that back to the trailhead on highway rt 120. (descent distance 2.7 miles / 4.4 km).

see photos for other MountainProject routes ...

GPS . All latitude/longitude points above, also other helpful waypoints and tracks, are in a GPX file linked from this page
. But they're given mainly for planning + reference. This is a "friendly" area for wilderness navigation with a map (and compass). For experienced parties using the detailed instructions above, carrying a GPS device should not be necessary for navigating the approach + route in good weather.


south side of Tioga Pass highway rt 120 by Tuolumne Meadows in Yosemite National Park --> see on map


Light alpine trad rack, long slings for around rock horns. Significant portion of climbing on narrow ridges best protected by the leader's skill in running the rope around rock features. Almost no fixed gear. In early season, might need snow or ice protection at some points. Anyway,
most people who try this traverse do it solo.
Lots and lots of info here....a little over whelming...ill try and simplify. The coordinates makes this page feel like a Geo Cach....

starting with cathedral makes for a good start if including matthess crest.
the echos when adding matthess will be a bit of a back track but not that far.

Two of the echos have raps to get off of them, but not necessary if you down climb them. Also when rappelling it makes for less scrambling (flows better) to link to the others. echo 9 is bad ass.

The ridge that includes echo 3 is on is one of the coolest knife edge ridges, similar to the east ridge of mt Russell. All the other echos are 4th/5th class and super fun. Echo ridge is cool.

Cocks Comb is a little gritty choose your path wisely to avoid the grit... we climb both from the westish and down climbed the northeastish sides.

Unicorn is a damn good summit and is very good low 5th route. Bad ass summit for the end of the day!

Descend the slabs bellow Uniron either to elizebeth lake and hike back on that trail. OR head down bud creek and then cut left toward the cathedral climber trail.

The whole traverse can be done in tennis shoes, when leaving out Matthess and a few echos.

very memorable day in Tuolumne. Aug 14, 2015
Johnny Y
Johnny Y   California
Great write-up! I did it counter-clockwise just to avoid the Cathedral mob in the afternoon. Though when I showed up at 8am there were at least 3 parties on the route and when I came back down by 9:30 there were 5 parties roping up (and several on the approach) :/

I down climbed the NE side of Corkscomb and it was exposed 5th class. But if you are going the other direction, it's definitely a more interesting alternative than the west side. Rock quality was decent so be careful. It was an awesome day in the backcountry, once got out of Cathedral I pretty much had the whole place for myself the entire Saturday. Sep 20, 2013
Trip Reports for this traverse on other websites:

which Direction? clockwise or counter-clockwise?
The advantages I see in starting with Cathedral is that
  • ensures that you have time and energy to do Cathedral Peak.
  • SE or E side of Cathedral gets morning sun, while N-NW face of Unicorn does not.
The advantages of starting with the Unicorn I see are:
  • Do the interesting climbing of the Unicorn NNW face in the upward direction.
  • East arete of Echo Ridge is nicer in the uphill direction.
  • If start with the great summit of Cathedral, every other summit of the day might feel inferior (unless do the side trip to Matthes Crest).
  • If save Cockscomb and Unicorn for later (and do not do the NNW face of Unicorn) then the climbing on those peaks seems smaller than the Echo Ridge (or optoinal Matthes Crest). If start with those peaks, might feel like a nice warmup.
  • If need to bail out later due to bad weather or lack of time or energy, then it's easier to descend on dirt from Wilts Col / Echo Peaks or the open country between the Echos and Cathedral Peak, than to descend the rock slabs below Cockscomb - Echo col or the SW side of the Unicorn (and then the second slab on SE side of Budd Lake) - especially if things are getting wet.
Aug 20, 2013