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Routes in Santa Cruz Valley

Alpamayo French Direct T WI2 Steep Snow
Artesonraju North Ridge AI2-3 Steep Snow
Quitaraju North Face Direct Steep Snow
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Type: Trad, Ice, Snow, Alpine, 1200 ft, 8 pitches
FA: unknown
Page Views: 5,119 total · 133/month
Shared By: Sarah Meiser on Aug 20, 2015
Admins: Tony Yeary

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Description

The French Direct follows a prominent snow and ice flute in the middle of Alpamayo's iconic southwest face for 1,200 feet of sustained 60-ish degree snow and ice. It is currently the standard summit route.

The start of the climbing is little more than a stroll from camp and chances are you will have watched at least one other party on the climb since you arrived. 250 feet of moderate to steep snow deliver one to the obvious bergschrund at the bottom of the face (some teams rope up for this bit leading up to the bergschrund). Passing over the bergshrund usually poses little difficulty.

What follows is about 8 full 60m pitches of steep snow and WI2/AI2 ice. The amount of snow and ice varies depending on conditions, but in July 2015 all but the bottom two pitches were ice. It is of course possible to shorten up the pitches and do more of them, or to reduce the number required by taking full advantage of 70m ropes. The angle of the face is fairly consistent, with a gradual steepening at the top. The last pitch is the steepest, often reaching 70 degrees.

The runnel ends abruptly at the airy summit ridge. Things change up here over time, but in the 2015 season the true summit was perhaps 20 feet from the topout point and we were able to belay each other one at a time to the summit and back. This is apparently not always the case; reaching the highpoint is sometimes too dangerous of a proposition, and plenty of climbers have called it good after reaching the summit ridge. People have died falling through the corniced ridge.

To descend, rappel the route. Usually there are plenty of established anchors, but bring some pickets and v-thread material just in case.

Location

Alpamayo is deep in the Cordillera Blanca.

Getting to High Camp:
1) Take a "taxi" from Huaraz to Cashapampa ($60).
2) 1-2 day trek up Santa Cruz Valley to Base Camp @ 13,500 ft. Hire burros to carry your gear ($160 round trip for our group of 4).
3) 1/2 day backpack to Moraine Camp @ 16,000 ft.
4) 1 day backpack/climb to High Camp @ 18,000 ft (includes two technical pitches of 50-70 degree snow).

Protection

Pickets and ice screws. The necessary quantity of each will depend a lot on conditions and a party's comfort level.

This is a very popular climb and chances are you will find many established anchors on the route, of both the picket and v-thread variety. It isn't trivial to spot a lot of them on the way up (especially in the dark), but they are obvious on the descent.

During the especially dry 2016 season when other popular peaks were in poor condition, heavier than usual guiding occurred on Alpamayo and fixed lines were maintained for the entire length of the route!! Climbers were using ascenders to self belay.
Nick Sweeney
Spokane, WA
Nick Sweeney   Spokane, WA
6/30/18: three killed by cornice fall. We’re unsure of what route, but likely the French Direct or Ferrari.

Three climbers were in d indeed lost on the French Direct. The guide and two clients were swept from the gully by falling snow and ice from above. They were climbing in the dark of early morning and likely never realized what happened until too late. A fourth client was saved when the rope was cut and left him to down climb and self rescue. Alpamayo continues to be a dangerous mountain.
TYeary Admin. SA. Jul 3, 2018

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