Type: Aid, 1200 ft, 11 pitches, Grade V
FA: Warren Harding, Galen Rowell, and Joe Faint
Page Views: 6,470 total · 47/month
Shared By: Nate Furman on Dec 12, 2007
Admins: M. Morley, Adam Stackhouse, Salamanizer suchoski, Justin Johnsen, Vicki Schwantes

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Access Issue: Yosemite National Park climbing closures and conditions Details


There are many big wall grade V trade routes in the valley, from the West Face of Leaning Tower to the Prow to the South Face of Washington Column. Each of these has one thing in common: the Valley. If you'd like an experience just slightly off the beaten path, consider the Southwest Face of Liberty Cap. You'll be accompanied by views of the Merced River and Nevada Falls more so than people in cars looking up at you while you're looking down at them.

Although the SW Face is slightly harder than any of the aforementioned climbs, the cruxes are short and the climbing is fantastic.

P1: Surmount the first C3 crux with small gear such as lowe balls, offset brassies, and hybrid aliens. This pitch goes free at .11a (which I hear isn't too bad) but the gear would be intimidating unless you're comfortable at the grade. The moves did look like fun!

P2: Enjoy great 5.9 fingers and hands to .10c thin hands.

P3: Another short pitch. Again, good free climbing in the mid 5.10 range for 40 feet before it backs off to 5.8.

P4: Easy C1 to perfect hands.

P5: Great .10b layback using .75 camalots to a bolt ladder out to the left. One of the bolts is missing in the bolt ladder. We only had a Talon to try to make this move, which didn't work (a Bat Hook would). Instead, we had to thread a couple nuts together to make a cheater stick to lasso the next bolt. It worked, but we lost some time trying to finesse it. A couple tricky C2+ placements above this move as well.

P6: A good long C1 pitch straight up.

P7: A tad bit tricky; I got off route going up and to the left, lured by a fixed pin. Go up only a move or so, then immediately start going left on low angle, slopey 5.7. Another C3 crux awaits, which we solved using small aliens. This pitch was challenging for the follower.

P8: Kind of an awkward, thrutchy, fun pitch. Nothing too hard (C2), just thoughtful and interesting.

P9: Begin with 5.8 in a crack and move to 5.8 slab through some bushes. The rock here is sandy and not super high quality, although I don't remember anything loose. Not a whole lot of pro through the bushes. Then work your way into a C1 crack out to the left before getting to a natural belay.

P10: Good wide .10b through a stout manzanita to a ledge.

P11: Just when you're close to the top you have to muster a 30-foot run out on 5.8 slab. Not that bad...there are only a couple 5.8 moves with a lot of 5.6 and 5.7.


Approach: Hike for one mile up the John Muir Trail to the Mist trail. Hike 1.5 miles up the mist trail. Take a gander up at the route from the bridge that crosses the Merced River. When you get to the south buttress of Liberty Cap, right next to the trail, take a left (leaving the Mist trail) on a climbers trail along the base of Liberty Cap. Traverse the entire face until you can access the prominent ledge system. Traverse out this ledge, ducking through some trees, until you get to a 2-bolt belay. The route starts here.

Bivy Sites: There are some really nice bivy platforms in the trees at the base of Liberty Cap. You'll see them on the approach.

Water: Bring a filter or iodine and get water from the Merced.

Retreat: Could be expensive. Only about half of the belays are bolted.


This is what we used:
1 set offset stoppers
1 set stoppers
1 set aliens from black to red
1 set hybrid aliens from blue/black to red/yellow
2 sets camalots from .75 to 4.
1 #5 (C4) camalot
1 extra .75 and #1 camalots
1 mid-size cam hooks
Talon (would have preferred Bat Hook)
Great Description. I did this route summer 07 as a party of 3. Definitely an adventure Dec 19, 2007
Doug Hemken
Madison, WI
Doug Hemken   Madison, WI  
Doing this route with Travis & Ryan was one of the high points of 2007 for me.

The initial moves on P1 protect well with #2 & #3 Ball-nutz, making that pitch more like C1+ 5.9.

The hook move in the middle of P5 looks to me like it is deteriorating. Be gentle. The headwall is a mix of rivets and bolts, updated in the last couple of years.

P7 we used a tension traverse. Splitting p7 into two short pitches would be a good idea. I found some of the gear on the upper part of p8 to be insecure, but I was getting tired at that point, and I maybe should have tried to free more there.

Camping at the bivy platforms at the base would be illegal, and the wildlife punished us severely for leaving packs there during the day.

from Galen Rowell's AAJ article:

"By noon of the first day Warren was beginning to lead the overhang. He drilled shallow holes in which to place ground-down cliff hangers, which he christened “bat hooks.” He demonstrated their holding power by placing seven in a row on the overhang before placing a real bolt in a fully drilled hole. He then placed seven more bat hooks interspersed with pitons in a nebulous crack before placing another bolt. A final row including nine bat hooks finally put him on a ramp at the top of the overhang. For a normal party of climbers to bolt the overhang would have taken a couple of days. Warren had done it alone in six hours with his new technique. Only two expansion bolts were placed in the entire overhang." Feb 28, 2008
Ryan Huetter
Mammoth Lakes, CA
  5.9 C2
Ryan Huetter   Mammoth Lakes, CA
  5.9 C2
I am 5'10", and some of those rivets in the ladder were reachy! Having a couple of those extra-long rivet hangers were the ticket. Apr 2, 2010
trying hard
Sierra East Side
trying hard   Sierra East Side
Hiked to the base of the route the night before. Only found one pre existing bivy spot at the base right under the 4th class ramp to hike up to the actual route. Climbed it the next day. 14 hours to the top, then semi long hike back, about 4 miles if you miss the bus back to curry village, counting the hike off the dome back to the base and then out the mist trail to your car. The happy isles parking was closed when we did it, so you may just park there as well.

Crux of the route for me was following up the squeeze chimney on the big ledge off 8. It was a tight little hole and I am a smaller guy. The last belay to the top was the scariest and the most exposed. Make sure you save your 2 and 3 for the belay, which is no problem as you really don't need them on pitch 10 itself.

The granite was less traveled and had more of an alpine feel as the cracks were not so polished like other valley routes. Felt like being out at the hulk or something. Be ready for an adventure between finding the tension traverse on 6, aiding on cam hooks, climbing an over hanging rivet/ bolt ladder, climbing through bushes and getting through the squeeze.

WORTH IT!!! May 17, 2013
R.F. Battitude
R.F. Battitude   Bishop
climbed car to car with Rat Fink over the weekend (same day as richie copelands accident, RIP) we did not bring a #5 and it was fine. If your aiding 5.9 maybe you want it... a #4 is handy in a number of places, start carrying it above the bolt ladder. for P5 One or Two rivet hangers is the most you need along with some smaller bd stoppers which give you a little more reach. One of the first bolts is missing (bat hook) and a large hook is handy on the bolt ladder. The cam hook move can be skipped by top stepping or girthing two nuts together. The last slab pitch is not as bad as its hype, a few small cams can offer pro between the first two bolts. We linked the 5.10 ramp pitch into the last with a 70m. Awesome route, great location. May 22, 2014
Tony Lobay  
This is a fantastic route. My favorite of the Grade Vs. We did the line in 2.5 days. Hiked in the afternoon of Day 1, bivied in caves. Day 2 to P6. Day 3 off.

The falls are really loud - we could not hear each other after 30' of climbing on any pitch.

As of May 1, 2017 the creek between Liberty Cap and Mt. Broderick was running. We filled up water off that. Filling near Nevada Falls looked dangerous. YMMV.

One of the bivy caves was damp. There was good space for 2 up there.

I wore rock shoes the entire length of the route and ended up free climbing chunks of every pitch.

P2 (5.9 splitter to 5.10c thin hands) is currently damp in a few spots.

P3 has a bird nest in the crack, just above the belay - be mindful.

P7 was damp in a couple spots. I opted to aid.

P8 (manzanita jungle) I stopped a little bit low due to rope drag. Was easier to haul, but the bag ended up in the trees when hauling the next pitch.

P10 (last slab) is wet between bolts 1 and 2. You can protect and aid the wet spot.

The descent had snow in a few spots, but manageable. May 8, 2017
Marco Munizaga
Oakland, CA
  5.9 C2+
Marco Munizaga   Oakland, CA
  5.9 C2+
Climbed it Oct 21-22. Weather was great.

You need two ropes to reach the ground from the start of P1. It's about 75 meters (a single 70m did not reach the ground).

I used a cam hook 2 or 3 times, found it very helpful.
Did not need any bat hook or any other hook.
Found the yellow Totem cam extremely helpful. I used the ability to load one side of the cam twice.

Rivets were in good condition

Some notes:
P1 Bomber Ball nut placements
P2 Was amazing.
P3 felt more like 5.9? The follower free climbed it in approach shoes.
P4 I went left and it was pretty straightforward C1
P5 I used nuts as rivet hangers (worked fine). I skipped the C2+ moves by using a stiff draw and a mad rock trigger draw and hero stepping (I'm ~5'10").
P6 Careful with the death block
P8 (The burly wide to squeeze) I thought this was the crux. Definitely C2+.
P9 Hauling wasn't that bad if you take the higher optional belay Oct 23, 2017
Here is an email exchange from a beginner approaching this route:

My names Jacob and I'm planning on doing the Southwest Face of Liberty Cap this summer as my first big wall. I was reading your trip report and was a little confused about the logistics of getting the haul bag to the ledge at the base of the route. Does this look right to you? What did you do?

Hike to route base

fix both ropes tied together to create a mega 140m rope

rap, get water, get pig ready to haul

#1 jugs all the way back up to the ledge
#2 jugs to the half way bolt anchor, hauls bag to anchor
#1 pulls in new slack and refixes the megarope
#2 releases pig and jugs on the same rope to the ledge
Pig gets hauled to ledge

my response:

good question! u don’t have to create mega rope. The approach ledge for LIberty Cap is not nearly as epic as Leaning Towers, but it can be nice to do it without much stuff the first time, and since folks tend to walk all the way until the wall on the nevada fall trail (there are straight up short cuts, but hard to tell which is the right one, etc.), hauling allows you to not have to hike your stuff up, down and around, and then out the scruff ledge.

That said I now think the best place to get water is on the approach, a little ways below the wall on the nevada fall trail you cross a wooden bridge over the creek - stop before the bridge and walk uphill where you can find little springs going into the river(when it is raging of course do not try to walk down to the river), or absolute easiest but harder hiking is to grab water at emerald pool which is on top of Vernal Fall, that is literally right next to the trail. I've just found that the last times I've climbed the mountain it seemed like a waste of time to hike all the way down and over to Nevada fall from the base......better to just carry a little heavy the last 20 minutes of the hike, but that's my .02

1. Drop your bags at the base of the wall (a few hundred feet left of the nevada fall trail) and take just your rack and two ropes around to the base of the route (and food, of course, or make sure you have bear proof container)

2. Rap down one rope to the midway anchor
3. Rap down your second rope to the ground
4. Organize your haul (get water if necessary)
5. both jug up to anchor and leave bag tied in on the ground.
6. As you haul your buddy takes the end of the rope and your second pulley(ideal to have back up, but if you don't he can just take the end of the haul line without a hauler) and jugs up to the ledge.
7. When you are done hauling tie in the bag like normal (munter mule)
8. Your buddy pulls the rope tight and fixes it, if no second pulley, or ideally starts to haul if you have second pulley
9. you jug up, freeing the bag if necessary (been a little bit, can't remember if they hang up on that one.....they def do on the pitch off the ledge, pitch one) Dec 5, 2018
Jacob Kantor
Palo Alto
Jacob Kantor   Palo Alto
Anyone know if you could fix to pitch 3 or 4 from the cave bivy with 2 70m ropes? Feb 8, 2019