Type: Trad, Alpine, 1700 ft, 12 pitches, Grade II
FA: Glenn Exum, solo, 1931
Page Views: 178,063 total · 1,235/month
Shared By: George Bell on Mar 20, 2007 with updates from Chris Walden and 1 other
Admins: Mike Snyder, Jake Dickerson, Taylor Spiegelberg

You & This Route

596 Opinions

Your To-Do List:

Add To-Do · View List

Your Star Rating:

     Clear Rating

Your Difficulty Rating:

-none- Change

Your Ticks:

Add New Tick


This is a fantastic route and is extremely popular, among guided and non-guided parties. The route is significantly longer than the Owen-Spalding, the rock is generally excellent and the views spectacular. This is also a good winter route as it melts off quickly. One problem is that it is difficult to escape off this route in case of bad weather.

If you free solo this route it goes very quickly. Not only was the first ascent by Glenn Exum done in this manner, but the second ascent was made by Paul Petzoldt on the same day, AFTER he had guided his clients to the summit via the Owen Spalding! However most people rope up on this climb, and if you pitch out the whole thing it can go very slowly. The climb looks long, and it is even longer than it looks. Consider simulclimbing the easier sections. The Grade II comes from the Ortenburger-Jackson guide, but in my opinion this must assume you are soloing.

If you have never climbed the Grand Teton before, I recommend purchasing the short pamphlet guide at the ranger station. This contains a photo of the west side of the summit, which is invaluable during the descent. Chances are there will be many people on the descent and you can simply follow the crowd. However if it is off-season I wouldn't count on following everyone else.

Do not panic on this route if you wander off line. Many variations are possible and usually alternatives work out if you are careful. For example, the first two times I climbed the route we bypassed the Friction Pitch (by mistake).


Your first goal is to reach Wall Street, a giant ledge leading to the crest of the south ridge from the west at around 12,800'. This ledge can be easily viewed from the Lower Saddle if you know where to look. Begin from the Lower Saddle as for the Owen Spalding, passing left of the smooth pinnacle known as "The Needle", then up the gully on the right, close to the Needle. If you are lucky you will find the tunnel above here known as "The Eye of The Needle", but it is not necessary to pass through this feature. Above here your route diverges from the Owen Spalding as you traverse right, crossing a broad and relatively easy couloir to the start of Wall Street. This couloir drops straight down from the Upper Saddle and has led to disaster for many tired climbers descending from the Upper Saddle, assuming it is the way down (it cliffs out). Take note of it.

The Wall Street ledge is huge and easy to walk along, until the very end where it suddenly becomes exposed and narrow. Rope up here, unless you feel like repeating Glenn Exum's famous leap. Actually, I've never seen anyone leap to span this difficulty, as you can simply make a long step or hand traverse. Still, it is very exposed and only climbers in a great hurry will do this unroped.

Next comes the Golden Stair pitch, which ascends directly up the ridge up a steep, knobby face. This pitch looks harder than it is, because it is very exposed and the protection is not abundant. Plenty of knobs make the climbing enjoyable. After this pitch the difficulty eases and if your party is experienced you may want to pack the rope for a while, or simulclimb. Follow a horizontal section near the ridge crest, then move left to gain access into a gully which slants up and right. This is called the Wind Tunnel. This leads, after a number of pitches, to the base of the Friction Pitch.

When the Wind Tunnel gully begins to lean back to the left, this is the point where you exit it straight up to the base of the Friction Pitch, which is back on the crest. If you follow the gully too far, it turns into more of a ramp and eventually ends. This is easy to do as it is the path of least resistence. If you make this mistake, either backtrack to the Friction Pitch, or head straight up to the crest up a chimney, rejoining the route above the Friction Pitch.

The Friction Pitch is called by some the crux of the route, it is not well protected but the difficulties ease shortly. Above here scramble for 2 more pitches, following the line of least resistence. Look for a section above where you can cross back to the west side of the crest to avoid a slabby tower.

Above you is the "V" pitch, one of the most exposed on the route. Climb the obvious SW facing dihedral above, with excellent protection. I feel this section is the crux of the route. After this pitch the ridge levels out and is quite easy for a short section. The next difficulty encountered following the crest is called the Petzoldt lieback pitch. When I last did this pitch in September it was covered with ice and quite a challenge in rock shoes. Above here you can climb a small 10' tower directly via a crack and in another 100' the ridge becomes broad and nearly level. Here you can unrope and scramble to the east of the crest to the summit.


The Exum Ridge is the south ridge of the Grand Teton. The steep lower portion of the ridge is included as a separate route, and makes an excellent direct start. However it is significantly harder than the Upper Exum.


Standard light rack. You do not need to bring 2 ropes.


The Owen Spalding is the standard descent. This can be tricky to find if you are not familiar with it, but in the middle of the summer you are more likely to encounter long lines. There are normally two rappels done. The first rappel down "Sargeant's Chimney" is less than 70 feet long. The second and final rappel is about 120' and ends at the rope-up spot for the Owen Spalding (only around a hundred yards from the Upper Saddle). If you only have one rope, this section can be done in two 75' rappels if you climb up and traverse south to another anchor. 75' down you will find a chockstone (which was covered in ice last time I did this) wrapped in slings to facilitate the final rappel. Here is a useful
Beta photo with tons of useful info copied from wyomingwhiskey.blogspot.com/. Check out their web site for an updated photo and much more info. .

In case of long lines on the rappels, there are alternate final rappels to the right (south) of the main one. I have used an anchor point from which you need two 60m ropes, providing a quick and fast descent. You can reach this anchor point by scrambling along the ledge below Sargeant's Chimney, or you can also downclimb the Exum Ridge until above the "V" pitch, then descend easy ledges on the west face.

Going down from the Upper Saddle it is important to stay west, DO NOT head down the broad gully which is immediately west of the Exum Ridge, for it cliffs out and has resulted in several tragedies. Even as low as Wall Street, it is easy to contour west and back onto the normal descent.


Beyond the Golden Stair pitch, it is not easy to escape this route in case of bad weather. Immediately after the Golden Stair pitch, there is supposedly an anchor for a 60' rappel back to Broadway.

After the "V" pitch, it is possible to escape to the north down a rubble covered ledge system to join the final Owen Spalding rappel. There is another anchor in the middle of this ledge traverse which in one 60m rappel puts you right at the start of the Owen Spalding (about 100' right (south) of where the normal rappel ends). This
Beta photo with tons of useful info copied from wyomingwhiskey.blogspot.com/. Check out their web site for an updated photo and much more info. is useful for details.


George Bell
Boulder, CO
George Bell   Boulder, CO
A buddy of mine once climbed this route in a day car to car. So what, you say? Well, this was a winter ascent! Perfect snow conditions down low and dry rock up high. Still a rather amazing feat. Mar 21, 2007
Darin Lang
Darin Lang  
For mortals it's a full day even in the summer - although better, in my opinion, than lugging bivy or camping gear if this is your only objective. Mar 21, 2007
Calling this route 4000 feet is a bit misleading. People are going to think that there are 4000 feet of class 4 scrambling and 12 full pitches of class 5 climbing.

That is far from the truth. From the Lower Saddle to the summit it is less than 3000 feet (more like 2,700 if I remember correctly). And at least a few hundred of those feet (perhaps 700-800) to Wall Street are non-technical, maybe class 2-3.

Just sayin' Jul 19, 2007
Buff Johnson  
Well, can we say that this climb could easily get into Grade III+ due to various factors outside of the technical characteristics?

It is certainly not a route to take lightly but is a fine route in any respect. Jul 19, 2007
George Bell
Boulder, CO
George Bell   Boulder, CO
Yeah, "length" is ambiguous for alpine routes. On rock climbs I think this means linear length, the length as measured by your rope. But on alpine climbs vertical feet is often used. I think it is around 2150 vertical from the Lower Saddle (11,600+) to the summit, and from Wall Street it must be around 1000 vertical to the top. I'm not sure why I said 4000 feet, this would be 20 full pitches with a 200' rope!

[I calculate the vertical rise from Wall Street (~12,800') at 1000', and the horizontal distance from Wall Street to the summit as 1400' (from the topo map), so the length of the route is around 1700'.] Jul 22, 2007
Joe M
Beckley, wv
Joe M   Beckley, wv
Very fun route indeed! I just wish there were more technical pitches and not so much scrambling. We had some difficulties following the route but made it to the summit anyway, probably creating our own variations. Cant wait to go back!!! Aug 27, 2008
Andy Laakmann
Bend, OR
Andy Laakmann   Bend, OR  
Just climbed this with my wife. I had done the Full Exum and Petzold Ridge before (both finished with soloing the Upper Exum), but never Wall Street to Upper Exum.

Some notes/comments that others might find helpful:

  • Don't underestimate the route finding from the Lower Saddle to Wall Street. It could be tricky for someone not familiar with the terrain in darkness, particularly around the Eye of the Needle/Briggs Slab area.
  • It took us 4 hours from the Lower Saddle to the Summit. We simul-climbed the entire ridge but did get bottlenecked with an Exum group for a bit, and that lost us some time.
  • 3 hours to descend from the Summit to Lower Saddle. We had some patchy snow to deal with that slowed us down, but we were familiar with the route.
  • I took a rack of nuts and one set of cams, and that was more than adequate for the simul-climbing.
Jul 23, 2009
Boulder, CO
boulderkeith   Boulder, CO
IMO The route doesn't simul that well on even half a rope. Works better as short fixed pitches followed by solo/short rope/scrambling. There are about 4 horizontal ridge sections on the route where a belay is pretty optional for experienced alpine climber (easy moves, no exposure). We did the route as 7 pitches with 1 simul pitch (rope drag!) and 3 sections of soloing with a short rope between us (no drag!). It took us about 5 hrs from the Lower Saddle to the summit. Unless you are inexperienced, don't take too much of a rack. We never placed more than about 3 pieces on lead. Green and yellow aliens were useful for the friction pitch.

Lower saddle to the summit (which includes several hundred feet of class 3 approach scrambling) is ~2000', not 4000' Aug 1, 2009
Hey I have a quick question, when the ranger station closes or whatever it does, can you still get a permit to camp up at the lower saddle? Let me now I would greatly appreciate it! Sep 11, 2009
Boulder, CO
boulderkeith   Boulder, CO

It's not grade II. It's silly that it is indicated as such and the page owner should change it. Yes, the fast and the light can crank it out the approach from the saddle, the route, and the descent pretty quick but for most people that will be 5 to 10 hrs. It took us about 6 hrs from the saddle to the summit and back to the saddle and we simuled about a third of the route. May 11, 2010
EB   Winona
When in doubt go right. At worst it puts you on the east face area which is quite easy. Its huge up there so don't underestimate the routefinding. Much of this can be climbed without a rope due to the multitude of easy climbing. I would definately recommend the directs you have less hiking for the approach and its super classic. In addition, I would really recommend doing it in a day, simply leave around 3am and hike slowly and consistently- no heavy packs and beer an pizza at the end of the day instead of camp meals! May 12, 2010
Doug Lintz
Kearney, NE
Doug Lintz   Kearney, NE
What a route! Not technically difficult but a few spots with tremendous exposure. We roped up for the three main pitches (Golden Stair, Friction, and V) plus a short belay for the Wall Street exit and the exposed "jam crack" move near the top, steep scrambling for everything else. The whole route can be easily done with a single set of Friends, nothing larger than a #3 at that.

As said before the upper part of the descent can be tricky to find if you're not following the masses. Check out the guidebook's description just in case. Aug 18, 2010
San Francisco, CA
Shino   San Francisco, CA
My partner and I gumbied up with a successful summit, car-to-car in 17 hours about two weeks ago. The 17 hours included getting lost, taking breaks, searching for a hat of sentimental value and talking to campers hanging out on the upper saddle. If you're confident that you know where you're going, you can do the whole thing in 12 hours.

No need to bring your climbing shoes if you're only doing the Upper. We were comfortable doing it all in hiking boots. If you want to go uber light for the rack, I'd take one yellow alien, one BD .5, 1, 2 and one alpine draw for a pin on the friction pitch.

We free solo'd 80% of the route, and I am not a free soloist. We roped up for two or three moves, here and there, and then coiled. Roped up for "the jump", most of the friction pitch, half of the v-slot pitch and an exposed move, here or there before the top.

It bears repeating, the approach can be tricky if you are an unprepared idiot like we were. We didn't read or receive beta before going, so yeah, we deserved to get lost.

From the car until the caves, if you are questioning whether you are on the trail, YOU ARE OFF THE TRAIL! Fun! The approach is super well defined and beaten. Once you see the river, the path goes right along it.

We were even misled by a ginormous cairn, which belonged to the guided company. What we thought was the upper saddle was actually the lower saddle. From the guides' base camp, we still had about 2 and a half hours before reaching Wall Street. The eye of the needle and "chockstone/chimney" were not identifiable to us until the descent. Try not to get tunnel vision and get frustrated that you can't find these supposed "remarkably" distinct features. They didn't seem so distinct when we finally spotted them.

Despite our fumbling around, we were happy to beat the storm that was rolling into the Tetons. After the two rappels, we took the same descent back down to the upper saddle and back down again via the fixed lines. We weren't sure about a different way down through the gully. We were tired; we went with what we knew.

Make sure to bring a camera. The views were.. breathtaking. That, or maybe it was the altitude for me.

Enjoy! Sep 21, 2010
Daaave   SLC, UT
My friend and I climbed in two days last August, we camped in luxury in the meadow but watched everyone we passed hiking up keep going and camping higher. From the meadows to lower saddle took an hour hike in the morning, getting off trail and boulder hopping in the moraine in the dark. We hit the wallstreet as the light was getting perfect, soloed most of the route only placing three pieces in total when simul climbing. From meadows to summit, back to meadows for lunch and packing up to car was 12 hours moving pretty fast passing every party we climbed with. Don't underestimate the size as we did on our first alpine route. Feb 7, 2011
At 50, I hike & solo free climb this route in under 10 hours on my worst day and that's with bad knees, etc. That's the round-trip time from Lupine Meadows. I skip the rap to the Upper Saddle. Given the record round trip time of just over 3 hours, I'm not winning any races but I'm not wasting my time lugging a heavy pack, either. Go fast and light and you'll have more fun. Guide for Solo Free Climbers Jun 19, 2011
Christian West  
We simul climbed the whole thing really fast. It was really fun passing groups going up the faces sometimes to pass them if I remember correctly. Awesome route! Such a classic Oct 13, 2011
Ryan N
Bellingham, WA
Ryan N   Bellingham, WA
Did this route in the beginning of August 2012. Weather was great. The information that I thought would be usefull that I didn't find was the descent route via Owen Spaulding. The raps off OS were pretty easy to find just stay with the weakness in the rock and you will naturally end up in the sergents chimney. A single 60 m rope gets you to a ledge you can downclimb. Then head left again taking the weakness to the final double rope rap. Look for chains about waist height. Did this with 60m doubles and got to the base fine. then you can see the obvious upper saddle head for it. Once you start down the obvious gully below the upper saddle the hike becomes very scree. There's not an obvious trail. The guide book says to stay right which seems wrong until you find very intermittent cairns. After they run out I thought I was going to cliff out. I just kept with it following the weakness and eventually got to the needle. I can't stress enough that the descent seems wrong while your doing it but once you get to the needle the trail appears and it becomes obvious. Aug 22, 2012
Fink Fink
Jackson, WY & Bozeman, MT
Fink Fink   Jackson, WY & Bozeman, MT
No need for two ropes to do the rappels--just one 60.

At the main rappel station, DON'T rap off the bolts (which is 40m). Instead, rap off the giant boulder slung with climbing ropes 6 feet to the right of the bolts, and head south (climber's right / skier's left) as you rappel. A 60m will make it with ~3-4 feet to spare. Sounds sketchier than it is.

The new Teton Rock Climbs guidebook by Aaron Gams states this as well. Sep 11, 2012
'79, solo, 10 1/4 hrs parking lot to summit to ranger station, sneakers, snickers, water and extra clothes just in case. Carried an ice-axe to the lower saddle, should have left it in the car. Now that I'm older and my joints hurt, I'm thinking that slower descents would probably have been a good idea. But, what the hell, everybody hurts when they get old. Jun 16, 2013
Oakland Park, Florida
Floridaputz   Oakland Park, Florida
I just climbed this again after 13 years. Much easier route finding this time. Prefect weather, and a good partner allowed for maxium fun. I recommend staying at the moriane camp if not doing this Car to Car. Jul 29, 2013
Matt Schroer
Logan, Utah
Matt Schroer   Logan, Utah
Classic line with exhilarating exposure and stunning views the whole time. I highly suggest doing this one as light as possible: carrying an ultralight rack, rope up when needed, then solo the rest. Otherwise, you are in for one long day. Aug 1, 2013
EricV Volk
Woodbury, MN
EricV Volk   Woodbury, MN
Just completed this Yesterday! Absolutely amazing experience. Started and ended at the parking lot. If you are a competent climber, don't bother belaying all the pitches. Such perfect weather. Careful, the night before got to the high 20's with some wind. Aug 4, 2013
Ty Morrison-Heath
Bozeman, MT
Ty Morrison-Heath   Bozeman, MT
Awesome climb in an awesome setting! Expect a long day and try to pack light. I brought .5-1 c4's and a half rack of nuts and it felt ample. We simuled the whole climb and it took around an hour and a bit to go from Wall Street to the summit. Can be climbed with a 60 meter rope if care is taken on the last rappel to go to skiers left and not down the crack.

For map nerds here is a GPX file of the approach and climb that can be imported into most GPSs. There is some multipathing in areas so the track is not exactly on route all of the time but it is usually not off more than ~20 meters except near Wall Street where it is off by ~150 meters.


And for everyone else here is a KML file that can be opened in Google Earth and oogled at. Same accuracy standards apply as the GPX file.

bit.ly/GrandTetonKML Sep 1, 2013
DJ Reyes
Northern Nevada
DJ Reyes   Northern Nevada
I climbed the Upper Exum last Thursday car to car in 16 hours. What an awesome day! This was my first time on the mountain and my partner and I got lost a time or two, but probably lost no more than an hour in total.

We left the Lupine parking lot at 2:45 am and got to the boulder field in the dark and got off track there. In the daylight The path was much easier to discern, but still not great. Not really many cairns on the trail like I would have expected. It seems that every boulder field has it's own number of braided pathways through it due to no main trail being marked. Keep that in mind if it's your first time. It seems to me that the fragile ecosystem would be better served with a well delineated trail; especially above the fixed rope onto the area of the lower saddle.

At our pace, which I would classify as somewhat relaxed, we reached the summit at 1:00 pm. We brought a rope and minimal gear and used only a piece, if that, per pitch. If I were to do it again I would leave the gear behind. We basically soloed the route anyway. BTW, the friction pitch was for me the crux of the climb and I just ended up dragging the rope behind on that section.

Great route and quite a memorable day.

Aug 4, 2015
Keith Leaman  
Today, I posted 3 photos of the climb which we did in 1968 with Perry-Mansfield climbing students and staff. On the trail down, we had the honor of meeting and later having dinner with Paul Petzoldt and a few of the NOLS leaders. Great memories! Oct 29, 2015
  5.6 PG13
gdalias   Colorado
  5.6 PG13
We did this unguided. My party got way off-route, climbing the ridge to the west of the Friction Pitch and above the Golden Staircase, and missing the V Pitch. Don't do this: not recommended. May 6, 2016
Having done the Upper Exum, the Owen-Spaulding, the NW Arete of Sir Donald (Selkirks) and the West Ridge of Mt. Stuart (Cascades), it seems to me that the historic Grade II is a bit misleading. I certainly would elevate it to a III based on overall length, commitment, difficulty, complexity and difficulty of the descent. FWIW. Nov 28, 2016
Teresa Bieber-Rehsi   Tampa, FL
Summited last week with perfect weather conditions!!! There is quickly melting snow in many places before you reach the lower saddle. Made for a wet and slippery hike. Friction pitch was the most challenging pitch when fatigued but the average climber who is conditioned to lengthy climbs and this altitude should be fine. The long descent is by far the most painful part. Mental strength gets you down. Novices should hire a guide. Too many exposures. Jul 23, 2017
Tim Kessel
Fort Collins
Tim Kessel   Fort Collins
Fantastic exposed route! Easy climbing and great rock for the most part, soloed every pitch but the friction and the v pitch Jul 31, 2017
Soloing this is Cruiser. Even V Notch pitch isn't that exposed really. Down climbing OS would be a little hairy. But pack a harness and wait in line to rap with everyone else. Someone will be nice I bet. Raps off with 1 60M from 1st and 2nd station (fire Hose). RAD CLIMB! Aug 1, 2017
Ben Parker  
My first multi pitch climb! Lots of variations. I made a vid of our experience. Not sure I I got all the pitches correct on the video... youtu.be/nFlLkpDbrmY Apr 2, 2018
Mounir Fizari
San Diego, CA
Mounir Fizari   San Diego, CA
Pretty fun solo. Only exposed move is the step around on Wall Street. Lots of variations around the ridge to keep it more interesting. If you want to climb the friction pitch, make sure you stay to the right after exiting the wind tunnel. I downclimbed the western chimney to get back to the friction pitch because I veered left on a sloping ledge Aug 11, 2018
A party of 3 can climb and descend this route with a single 70-meter rope.
All of the traditionally roped-up pitches are less than 35 meters.
(Wall Street Step-across, Golden Stair, Jern Dihedral, Friction Pitch, V-Pitch, Left Leaning Crack)

The Sargent's Chimney rappel can be done with a single 70-meter rope with no down-climbing needed at the end.
If you do the Main Upper Saddle rappel from the bolts with one 70-meter rope, you can rap straight down - there is no need to angle to the higher right-hand side of the landing ramp. Aug 11, 2018
Jen Wiebracht
Lakewood, CO
Jen Wiebracht   Lakewood, CO
My partner and I did the Lower and Upper Exum Ridge on August 14th, 2018. Here is a link to our trip report: wp.me/p8nymg-dW. Aug 16, 2018
Daniel Telenko  
Great route. We did the lower exum to the upper, and made for a great outing. I would highly recommend this if its possible, if not you have to do much more hiking up steep terrain and the lower exum is such a classic! I'm not sure if I was just tired at this point, but the Upper seemed harder than 5.5 to me in spots. There were some spots in the wind tunnel that had some bouldery type moves, and the Jern and V pitch were awesome, but not 5.5 in my opinion. I personally would not want to free solo some of those sections unless I had done it before. The V Pitch, Jern, and the golden staircase were the best pitches!. My wife and I simul climbed this in 3+ hours from wall street, setting up a belay for the pitches mentioned above. It took us about 4 hours on the lower and 3+ hours on the upper. With the rappels, and long decent from the upper saddle, its quite the long day. About 9-10 hours round trip. Aug 22, 2018
Kyle McCrohan
Brier, WA
Kyle McCrohan   Brier, WA
This route is very tame and easy for an alpine 5.5. Soloed in running shoes comfortably. We had basically no beta on the route and just scrambled the easiest line and it flowed very smoothly and quickly. I expected lots of low 5th and exposure, but there were in fact only two sections of 5th class with exposure: The golden staircase and the friction pitch. Most of the climb is just scrambling 3rd through gullies with an occasional un-exposed bouldery move. Pretty sure you can avoid the exposure of the friction pitch as there is a slabby corner with a crack around the arete to the left of the friction pitch, but I didn't try it to confirm. Above the friction pitch it was just 3rd class all the way to the summit for us; apparently you have to seek out the V pitch to get it. Sep 13, 2018